background
Inspiration
     
DNA

DNA

DESCRIPTION
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and some viruses. The main role of DNA molecules is the long-term storage of information. DNA is often compared to a set of blueprints or a code, since it contains the instructions needed to construct other components of cells, such as proteins and RNA molecules. The DNA segments that carry this genetic information are called genes, but other DNA sequences have structural purposes, or are involved in regulating the use of this genetic information.

Nearly every cell in a person's body has the same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA).

Almost all the DNA and genes come packaged in rod-like structures called chromosomes derived from the Greek words 'Chromo' for color and 'Soma' for body, they are intensely colored bodies in our cells--humans have 46. There are 22 almost identical pairs, plus the X and Y chromosomes, which determine if a human is male (one X chromosome and one Y chromosome) or female (two X chromosomes). One member of each pair comes from the mother through the egg and one member of each pair comes from the father through the sperm.

The information in DNA is stored as a code made up of four chemical bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). Human DNA consists of about 3 billion bases, and more than 99 percent of those bases are the same in all people. The order, or sequence, of these bases determines the information available for building and maintaining an organism, similar to the way in which letters of the alphabet appear in a certain order to form words and sentences.

DNA bases pair up with each other, A with T and C with G, to form units called base pairs. Each base is also attached to a sugar molecule and a phosphate molecule. Together, a base, sugar, and phosphate are called a nucleotide. Nucleotides are arranged in two long strands that form a spiral called a double helix. The structure of the double helix is somewhat like a ladder, with the base pairs forming the ladder's rungs and the sugar and phosphate molecules forming the vertical sidepieces of the ladder.

An important property of DNA is that it can make copies of itself. Each strand of DNA in the double helix can serve as a pattern for duplicating the sequence of bases. This is critical when cells divide because each new cell needs to have an exact copy of the DNA present in the old cell.

Have Additional Questions or Insight?

If you have additional questions or information about this topic, visit our Q & A Community and start a conversation.
THERE ARE [ 7 ] ARTICLES RELATED TO: DNA
THERE ARE [ 15 ] MEDIA FILES RELATED TO: DNA
© Token Rock, Inc. All rights reserved.
 
Blogs
Community
Astrology
Numerology
Resources
Search
You May Be Interested In ...
^
Video: Wisdom Teachings

Not for the closed minded. David Wilcock takes you on a journey through the human experience and explores where we came from.

Sacred Geometry

The study of sacred geometry was passed down over thousands of years

Video: Symbolic Meaning Of Numbers

Avia Venefica discusses the symbolic meaning of numbers as a tool!